W. Va. Code 15-5-12
Liability: Persons Providing Public Shelters
An individual who, voluntarily and without compensation, permits the use of the individual’s property during a training activity, actual disaster, or threatened disaster will not be held legally responsible for injury, death, or damage to property that occurs on the premises. They can be held legally responsible if acting with extreme carelessness or intent to cause harm.
Liability to sheltered persons
Any person owning or controlling real estate or other premises who voluntarily and without compensation grants a license or privilege or otherwise permits the designation or use of the whole or any part of such real estate or premises for the purpose of sheltering persons during an actual, impending, mock or practice emergency shall, together with his successors in interest, if any, not be civilly liable for negligently causing the death of or injury to any sheltered person on or about such real estate or premises or for loss of or damage to the property of any such sheltered person.