W. Va. Code 16-4C-7
Liability: Using Vehicle as Ambulance
An individual who operates a vehicle, out-of-state ambulance, or aircraft as an ambulance to transport patients during a catastrophe where local ambulance services are overwhelmed will not be held legally responsible. Operators of vehicles or aircraft not normally used to transport patients, including those employed for rescue operations, will also not be held legally responsible.
Vehicles, aircraft and persons aboard them exempted from requirements of article
The following vehicles and aircraft are exempted from the provisions of this article and rules promulgated pursuant to it and persons aboard them are not required to comply with the provisions of section eight [§ 16-4C-8] of this article: (a) Privately-owned vehicles and aircraft not ordinarily used in the business or service of transporting patients; (b) Vehicles and aircraft used as ambulances in case of a catastrophe or emergency when the ambulances normally staffed by certified emergency medical service personnel based in the locality of the catastrophe or emergency are insufficient to render the service required; (c) Ambulances based outside this state, except that emergency medical service personnel aboard any such ambulance receiving a patient within this state for transportation to a location within this state shall comply with the provisions of this article and the rules promulgated pursuant to it except in the event of a catastrophe or emergency when the ambulances normally staffed by certified emergency medical service personnel based in the locality of the catastrophe or emergency are insufficient to render the services required; (d) Ambulances owned by or operated under the direct control of a governmental agency of the United States; and (e) Vehicles and aircraft designed primarily for rescue operations which do not ordinarily transport patients.