Emergency Law Inventory | Full Law Text

Law Number

Cal Civ Code 1714.23

Summary Title

Liability: Administration of Epi Pen by Person Trained


A prehospital emergency medical care person or another person trained to use an epi pen who, in good faith, voluntarily, and without compensation, provides emergency care to another person who appears to be experiencing anaphylaxis will not be held legally responsible for acting, or failing to act. They can be held legally responsible if acting with extreme carelessness or intent to cause harm.

Full Title

No liability for administration of epinephrine auto-injector to person experiencing anaphylaxis; applicability

Full Text

(a) For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply: (1) "Anaphylaxis" means a potentially life-threatening hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to a substance. (A) Symptoms of anaphylaxis may include shortness of breath, wheezing, difficulty breathing, difficulty talking or swallowing, hives, itching, swelling, shock, or asthma. (B) Causes of anaphylaxis may include, but are not limited to, insect stings or bites, foods, drugs, and other allergens, as well as idiopathic or exercise-induced anaphylaxis. (2) "Epinephrine auto-injector" means a disposable drug delivery system with a spring-activated concealed needle that is designed for emergency administration of epinephrine to provide rapid, convenient first aid for persons suffering from anaphylaxis. (b) Any person described in subdivision (b) of Section 1797.197a of the Health and Safety Code who administers an epinephrine auto-injector, in good faith and not for compensation, to another person who appears to be experiencing anaphylaxis at the scene of an emergency situation is not liable for any civil damages resulting from his or her acts or omissions in administering the epinephrine auto-injector, if that person has complied with the requirements and standards of Section 1797.197a of the Health and Safety Code. (c) The protection specified in subdivision (b) shall not apply in a case of personal injury or wrongful death that results from the gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct of the person who renders emergency care treatment by the use of an epinephrine auto-injector. (d) Nothing in this section relieves a manufacturer, designer, developer, distributor, or supplier of an epinephrine auto-injector of liability under any other applicable law.