Emergency Law Inventory | Full Law Text

Law Number

RCW 38.52.180(1)

Summary Title

Liability: Providing Shelter


An individual who owns or controls real estate or other premises and, voluntarily and without compensation, allows the use of the real estate for the purpose of sheltering people during an actual emergency or during a training activity will not be held legally responsible for causing the death or injury to a person on the real estate or the loss or damage to a person's property while on their real estate. They can be held legally responsible if actingw with extreme carelessness or intent to cause harm.

Full Title

Liability for property damage, bodily injury, death — Immunity — Assumption by state — Indemnification — Immunity from liability for covered volunteers

Full Text

(1) There shall be no liability on the part of anyone including any person, partnership, corporation, the state of Washington or any political subdivision thereof who owns or maintains any building or premises which have been designated by a local organization for emergency management as a shelter from destructive operations or attacks by enemies of the United States for any injuries sustained by any person while in or upon said building or premises, as a result of the condition of said building or premises or as a result of any act or omission, or in any way arising from the designation of such premises as a shelter, when such person has entered or gone upon or into said building or premises for the purpose of seeking refuge therein during destructive operations or attacks by enemies of the United States or during tests ordered by lawful authority, except for an act of willful negligence by such owner or occupant or his or her servants, agents, or employees.