A volunteer firefighter or volunteer who, in good faith, provides firefighting efforts, emergency care, or rescue efforts at the scene of an emergency will not be held legally responsible for acting or failing to act. They can be held legally responsible if acting with extreme carelessness or intent to cause harm. This section includes legal protection for incident management teams or a person who commands, directs, or represents volunteer firefighters.
Immunity of volunteer firefighters, volunteers, incident management teams, and their employers or organizations - definitions - legislative declaration
(1) A volunteer firefighter or volunteer who, in good faith, takes part in firefighting efforts or provides emergency care, rescue, assistance, or recovery services at the scene of an emergency, any incident management team, and any person who, in good faith, commands, directs, employs, sponsors, or represents any such volunteer firefighter, volunteer, or incident management team shall not be liable for civil damages as a result of an act or omission by such volunteer firefighter, volunteer, incident management team, or other person in connection with the emergency; except that this exemption shall not apply to grossly negligent, willful, wanton, or reckless acts or omissions. (2) As used in this section: (a) "Emergency" means any incident to which a response by a fire department or incident management team is appropriate or requested, including, without limitation: (I) A fire, fire alarm response, motor vehicle accident, rescue call, or hazardous materials incident; (II) A natural or man-made disaster such as an earthquake, flood, or severe weather event; (III) A terrorist attack; or (IV) An outbreak of a harmful biological agent or infectious disease. (b) "Fire department" has the meaning set forth in section 24-33.5-1202, C.R.S., and includes a fire department that uses paid firefighters, volunteer firefighters, or both. The term includes, without limitation, not-for-profit nongovernmental entities that are organized to provide firefighting services and recognized under section 24-33.5-1208.5, C.R.S. (c) "Incident management team" means an ad hoc or standing team of trained personnel from different departments, organizations, agencies, and jurisdictions activated to manage the logistical, fiscal, planning, operational, safety, and community issues related to an emergency or other incident. (c.5) "Volunteer" has the meaning as set forth in section 13-21-115.5. (d) "Volunteer firefighter" has the meaning set forth in section 31-30-1102, C.R.S., and includes volunteer firefighters of not-for-profit nongovernmental entities that are organized to provide firefighting services. (3) The general assembly intends that the provisions of this section and of the "Colorado Governmental Immunity Act", article 10 of title 24, C.R.S., be read together and harmonized. If any provision of this section is construed to conflict with a provision of the "Colorado Governmental Immunity Act", the provision that grants the greatest immunity shall prevail. (4) Nothing in this section alters the protections set forth in section 12-64-118, 13-21-108, 13-21-115.5, or 24-33.5-1505, C.R.S.