Va. Code Ann. 44-146.23(B)
Liability: Providing Shelter
An individual who permits the use of the individual’s real property to shelter persons involved in providing emergency services will not be held legally responsible during an actual or impending disaster. They can be held legally responsible if acting with extreme carelessness or intent to cause harm.
Immunity from liability
B. Any person owning or controlling real estate or other premises who voluntarily and without compensation grants a license or privilege, or otherwise permits the designation or use of the whole or any part or parts of such real estate or premises for the purpose of sheltering persons, of emergency access or of other uses relating to emergency services shall, together with his successors in interest, if any, not be liable for negligently causing the death of, or injury to any person on or about such real estate or premises or for loss of or damage to the property of any person on or about such real estate or premises during such actual or impending disaster.