18 V.S.A. 127
Health Officer Can Issue Emergency Health Orders
A health officer can issue an emergency health order, after writing out the reasons for its necessity, in order to prevent or react to an imminent and substantial public health threat.
Emergency health orders
(a) A health officer may, without a prior hearing, issue an emergency health order when necessary to prevent, remove, or destroy an imminent and substantial public health hazard, or to mitigate an imminent and substantial significant public health risk. Such order may include any actions available under section 126 of this title. An emergency health order shall be effective upon actual notice to the person against whom the order is directed. (b) The health officer may issue an emergency health order only after preparation of a written statement of reasons stating the need for an emergency health order together with the supporting evidence and a statement of procedural rights available under this section. The order, together with the statement and the evidence, shall be made available as soon as possible to the person to whom the order is directed. An emergency order shall be served in accordance with the procedures set forth in Rule 4 of the Vermont Rules of Civil Procedure. (c) A person to whom an emergency health order is directed shall be given the opportunity for a hearing within five business days of the issuance of such order. A person who is in full compliance with an emergency health order may request, and shall be granted, an extension of the hearing date. If the emergency order was issued by the Commissioner, such hearing shall be in front of the Commissioner. If the emergency order was issued by a local health officer, such hearing shall be in front of the selectmen. At the hearing, the person to whom the order is directed shall be given the opportunity to rebut allegations upon which the emergency health order is based. After the hearing, the Commissioner or selectmen shall issue a health order pursuant to section 126 of this title affirming, modifying, or terminating the emergency health order.