Emergency Law Inventory | Full Law Text

Law Number

18 V.S.A. 4240(d)

Summary Title

Liability: Administering Opioid Antagonist


An individual can administer an opioid antagonist if the individual believes, in good faith, a person is experiencing an opioid overdose. They can be held legally responsible if acting with extreme carelessness or intent to cause harm.

Full Title

Prevention and treatment of opioid-related overdoses

Full Text

(d) (1) A person may administer an opioid antagonist to a victim if he or she believes, in good faith, that the victim is experiencing an opioid-related overdose. (2) After a person has administered an opioid antagonist pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection (d), he or she shall immediately call for emergency medical services if medical assistance has not yet been sought or is not yet present. (3) A person shall be immune from civil or criminal liability for administering an opioid antagonist to a victim pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection unless the person's actions constituted recklessness, gross negligence, or intentional misconduct. The immunity granted in this subdivision shall apply whether or not the opioid antagonist is administered by or to a person other than the person for whom it was prescribed.