Utah Code Ann. 63G-7-201
Liability: Governmental Function
A governmental employee who performs a function within the scope of their employment will not be held legally responsible for any injury that results. They can be held legally responsible in certain, limited circumstances.
Immunity of governmental entities and employees from suit
(1) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, each governmental entity and each employee of a governmental entity are immune from suit for any injury that results from the exercise of a governmental function. (2) Notwithstanding the waiver of immunity provisions of Section 63G-7-301, a governmental entity, its officers, and its employees are immune from suit for any injury or damage resulting from the implementation of or the failure to implement measures to: (a) control the causes of epidemic and communicable diseases and other conditions significantly affecting the public health or necessary to protect the public health as set out in Title 26A, Chapter 1, Local Health Departments; (b) investigate and control suspected bioterrorism and disease as set out in Title 26, Chapter 23b, Detection of Public Health Emergencies Act; (c) respond to a national, state, or local emergency, a public health emergency as defined in Section 26-23b-102, or a declaration by the President of the United States or other federal official requesting public health related activities, including the use, provision, operation, and management of: (i) an emergency shelter; (ii) housing; (iii) a staging place; or (iv) a medical facility; and (d) adopt methods or measures, in accordance with Section 26-1-30, for health care providers, public health entities, and health care insurers to coordinate among themselves to verify the identity of the individuals they serve. (3) A governmental entity, its officers, and its employees are immune from suit, and immunity is not waived, for any injury if the injury arises out of or in connection with, or results from: (a) a latent dangerous or latent defective condition of: (i) any highway, road, street, alley, crosswalk, sidewalk, culvert, tunnel, bridge, or viaduct; or (ii) another structure located on any of the items listed in Subsection (3)(a)(i); or (b) a latent dangerous or latent defective condition of any public building, structure, dam, reservoir, or other public improvement. (4) A governmental entity, its officers, and its employees are immune from suit, and immunity is not waived, for any injury proximately caused by a negligent act or omission of an employee committed within the scope of employment, if the injury arises out of or in connection with, or results from: (a) the exercise or performance, or the failure to exercise or perform, a discretionary function, whether or not the discretion is abused; (b) assault, battery, false imprisonment, false arrest, malicious prosecution, intentional trespass, abuse of process, libel, slander, deceit, interference with contract rights, infliction of mental anguish, or violation of civil rights; (c) the issuance, denial, suspension, or revocation of, or the failure or refusal to issue, deny, suspend, or revoke, any permit, license, certificate, approval, order, or similar authorization; (d) a failure to make an inspection or making an inadequate or negligent inspection; (e) the institution or prosecution of any judicial or administrative proceeding, even if malicious or without probable cause; (f) a misrepresentation by an employee whether or not the misrepresentation is negligent or intentional; (g) a riot, unlawful assembly, public demonstration, mob violence, or civil disturbance; (h) the collection or assessment of taxes; (i) an activity of the Utah National Guard; (j) the incarceration of a person in a state prison, county or city jail, or other place of legal confinement; (k) a natural condition on publicly owned or controlled land; (l) a condition existing in connection with an abandoned mine or mining operation; (m) an activity authorized by the School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration or the Division of Forestry, Fire, and State Lands; (n) the operation or existence of a pedestrian or equestrian trail that is along a ditch, canal, stream, or river, regardless of ownership or operation of the ditch, canal, stream, or river, if: (i) the trail is designated under a general plan adopted by a municipality under Section 10-9a-401 or by a county under Section 17-27a-401; (ii) the trail right-of-way or the right-of-way where the trail is located is open to public use as evidenced by a written agreement between: (A) the owner or operator of the trail right-of-way or of the right-of-way where the trail is located; and (B) the municipality or county where the trail is located; and (iii) the written agreement: (A) contains a plan for operation and maintenance of the trail; and (B) provides that an owner or operator of the trail right-of-way or of the right-of-way where the trail is located has, at a minimum, the same level of immunity from suit as the governmental entity in connection with or resulting from the use of the trail; (o) research or implementation of cloud management or seeding for the clearing of fog; (p) the management of flood waters, earthquakes, or natural disasters; (q) the construction, repair, or operation of flood or storm systems; (r) the operation of an emergency vehicle, while being driven in accordance with the requirements of Section 41-6a-212; (s) the activity of: (i) providing emergency medical assistance; (ii) fighting fire; (iii) regulating, mitigating, or handling hazardous materials or hazardous wastes; (iv) an emergency evacuation; (v) transporting or removing an injured person to a place where emergency medical assistance can be rendered or where the person can be transported by a licensed ambulance service; or (vi) intervening during a dam emergency; (t) the exercise or performance, or the failure to exercise or perform, any function pursuant to Title 73, Chapter 10, Board of Water Resources - Division of Water Resources; (u) an unauthorized access to government records, data, or electronic information systems by any person or entity; or (v) an activity of wildlife, as defined in Section 23-13-2, that arises during the use of a public or private road.