Fla. Stat. 252.515
Liability: Providing Temporary Support to First Responders
When a public health emergency declaration is in effect, a person who, in good faith and voluntarily, provides temporary housing, food, water, or electricity to an emergency first responder or their immediate family will not be held legally responsible for acting or failing to act. They can be held legally responsible for acting with extreme carelessness. This legal protection extends up to 6 months after the end of the emergency declaration.
Postdisaster Relief Assistance Act; immunity from civil liability
(1) This section may be cited as the “Postdisaster Relief Assistance Act.” (2) Any person who gratuitously and in good faith provides temporary housing, food, water, or electricity to emergency first responders or the immediate family members of emergency first responders in response to an emergency situation related to and arising out of a public health emergency declared pursuant to s. 381.00315 or a state of emergency declared pursuant to s. 252.36 may not be held liable for any civil damages as a result of providing the temporary housing, food, water, or electricity unless the person acts in a manner that demonstrates a reckless disregard for the consequences of another. (3) As used in this section, the term: (a) “Emergency first responder” means: 1. A physician licensed under chapter 458. 2. An osteopathic physician licensed under chapter 459. 3. A chiropractic physician licensed under chapter 460. 4. A podiatric physician licensed under chapter 461. 5. A dentist licensed under chapter 466. 6. An advanced registered nurse practitioner certified under s. 464.012. 7. A physician assistant licensed under s. 458.347 or s. 459.022. 8. A worker employed by a public or private hospital in the state. 9. A paramedic as defined in s. 401.23(17). 10. An emergency medical technician as defined in s. 401.23(11). 11. A firefighter as defined in s. 633.102. 12. A law enforcement officer as defined in s. 943.10. 13. A member of the Florida National Guard. 14. Any other personnel designated as emergency personnel by the Governor pursuant to a declared emergency. (b) “Immediate family member” means any parent, spouse, child, or sibling. (4) The immunity provided by this section does not apply to damages as a result of any act or omission: (a) That occurs more than 6 months after the declaration of the public health emergency pursuant to s. 381.00315 or state of emergency pursuant to s. 252.36, unless the emergency is extended as provided in those sections, in which case the immunity provided by this section continues to apply for the duration of the extension and 6 months thereafter; or (b) That is unrelated to the original declared emergency or any extension thereof. (5) As used in this section, the term “reckless disregard” means conduct that a reasonable person knew or should have known at the time such services were provided would likely result in injury so as to affect the life or health of another, taking into account the extent or serious nature of the prevailing circumstances. (6) A person may register with a county emergency management agency as a temporary provider of housing, food, water, or electricity for emergency first responders if the county provides for such registration. A person who has registered with a county emergency management agency as a provider of temporary housing, food, water, or electricity to emergency first responders or the immediate family members of emergency first responders is presumed to have acted in good faith in providing such housing, food, water, or electricity.