Emergency Law Inventory | Full Law Text

Law Number

745 ILCS 49/70

Summary Title

Liability: Law Enforcement, Firefighter, or EMT


A law enforcement officer, firefighter, or EMT who, in good faith and without compensation, provides emergency care will not be held legally responsible for acting or failing to act. They can be held legally responsible if acting with extreme carelessness or intent to cause harm.

Full Title

Law enforcement officers, firemen, emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and first responders; exemption from civil liability for emergency care

Full Text

Any law enforcement officer or fireman as defined in Section 2 of the Line of Duty Compensation Act [820 ILCS 315/2], any “emergency medical technician (EMT)” as defined in Section 3.50 of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems Act [210 ILCS 50/3.50], and any “first responder” as defined in Section 3.60 of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems Act [210 ILCS 50/3.50], who in good faith provides emergency care, including the administration of an opioid antagonist as defined in Section 5-23 of the Alcoholism and Other Drug Abuse and Dependency Act [20 ILCS 301/5-23], without fee or compensation to any person shall not, as a result of his or her acts or omissions, except willful and wanton misconduct on the part of the person, in providing the care, be liable to a person to whom such care is provided for civil damages.